Kamakura was Japan’s first capital to be established by samurai warriors (1185-1333). Although emperors had reigned over Japan from her ancient days, Minamoto Yoritomo, a leader of samurai based in east Japan, established a new government in Kamakura in 1185.
He followed the God of the Samurai, believing that this God should be enshrined in the center of the samurai city of Kamakura (at Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gu Shrine). In those days, the main street was built from Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gu to the sea, the governmental office was set up at the eastern corner of the shrine (it moved sometimes), and temples were stationed at strategic points, erected for the purpose of fortifying the city against its enemies.
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1 Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gu Shrine: The God that the samurai believed in!
2 Egara-tenjin Shrine: Home of the God who loved Plum Blossoms
3 Kamakura-gu Shrine: Tragic Imperial Prince, Morinaga
4-1 Zuisen-ji Temple: Experience a pure Zen rock garden
4-2 Kamakura Zuisen-ji Temple in Autumn: Simple rock garden designed for Zen practice
5-1 Jomyo-ji Temple: Former family temple of the Ashikaga clan
5-2 Plum Blossoms in Jomyo-ji Temple: Enjoy the fragrances near the trees!
6 Hokoku-ji Temple in Spring: Not just a beautiful bamboo garden
7 Sugimoto-dera Temple: The oldest temple with a mysterious legend
8 Hokai-ji Temple: A temple for appeasing the souls of samurai
9 Gionyama Hiking Trail: Seeing Kamakura from the back end
10 Myohon-ji Temple: Beautiful pink hues of flowering crab apples
11 “Hato-koji” tea room: Enjoy Japanese tea in a casual way!
12 “Toshima-ya” confectionary shop: Dove Palace
13 "Shato" washi paper: Komachi-dori shopping street